This week is Wound Awareness Week, with the theme ‘Let’s
Talk About Wounds’, is a week aimed to get people talking about the rising
issue of wounds. In addition, Wound Awareness Week is to reach out to all, to
help us spread awareness of what wounds are, who’s at risk and what someone
should do if they have a wound that won’t heal.
What exactly is an open wound?
An open wound is an injury involving an external or internal break in body tissue, usually involving the skin. Nearly everyone will experience an open wound at some point in their life. Most open wounds are minor and can be treated at home, however, there is certain situations, such as a major wound, that immediate medical attention may be necessary.
Falls, accidents with sharp objects, and car accidents are the most common causes of open wounds. In the case of a serious accident, you should seek immediate medical care. This is especially true if there’s a lot of bleeding or if bleeding lasts for more than 20 minutes.
Understanding the different types of open wounds
When talking about ‘wounds’, there are all different types that need to be considered. More specifically, there are four types of open wounds, which are classified on their case.
A type of open wound that’s caused by the skin rubbing against a rough surface, also known as a scrape or a graze. Abrasions are very common injuries and are most likely to occur on the elbows, knees, shins and upper extremities.
A deep cut or tearing of your skin. Accidents with knives, tools, and machinery are frequent causes of lacerations. In the case of deep lacerations, bleeding can be rapid and extensive.
A deep wound that occurs due to something sharp and pointed, such as a nail. The opening on the skin is small, and the puncture wound may not bleed much.
An avulsion is a partial or complete tearing away of skin and the tissue beneath. Avulsions usually occur during violent accidents, such as body-crushing accidents, explosions, and gunshots. They bleed heavily and rapidly.
It’s important to note that First Aid treatment differs depending on the type of wound.
What are the warning signs of a potentially infected wound?
Seek immediate medical attention if you or someone in your family has any of these signs:
How to provide effective First Aid to Open Wounds?
Major or minor wounds can happen in a moment and whether experiencing a major or minor wound the following First Aid methods that can be applied to treat an open wound.
Minor Open Wounds
DO NOTS when providing First Aid for Embedded Objects
It’s important to be mindful that open wounds can become infected from the bacterial colonies present on the skin, so when treating a wound, it’s vital to practice proper sanitation to prevent any further infection.